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Notes
History of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita) by Livy
Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Content of Book XVIII[256 - 250 BC]
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Contents of Book XVIII. 256 - 250 BC

[256 BC.]

Atilius Regulus, consul, having overcome the Carthaginians in a sea-fight, passes over into Africa: kills a serpent of prodigious magnitude, with great loss of his own men.

[255 BC.]

The senate, on account of his successful conduct of the war, not appointing him a successor, he writes to them, complaining; and, among other reasons for desiring to be recalled, alledges, that his little farm, being all his subsistence, was going to ruin, owing to the mismanagement of hired stewards.
[Y.R. 498. B.C. 254.]
A memorable instance of the instability of fortune exhibited in the person of Regulus, who is overcome in battle, and taken prisoner by Xanthippus, a Lacedaemonian general.

[253 BC.]

The Roman fleet shipwrecked; which disaster entirely reverses the good fortune which had hitherto attended their affairs. Titus Corucanius, the first high priest chosen from among the commons.

[252 BC.]

Publius Sempronius Sophus and Marcus Valerius Maximus, censors, examine into the state of the senate, and expel thirteen of the members of that body.

[251 BC.]

They hold a lustrum, and find the number of citizens to be two hundred and ninety-seven thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven.

[250 BC.]

Gaius Regulus being sent by the Carthaginians to Rome to treat for peace, and an exchange of prisoners, binds himself by oath to return if these objects be not attained; dissuades the senate from agreeing to the propositions: and then, in observance of his oath, returning to Carthage, is put to death by torture.

Events: Atilius Regulus defeats the Carthaginians and lands in Africa, Atilius Regulus defeated and taken prisoner, The Roman fleet shipwrecked, Peace negotiations with the Carthaginians. Regulus executed,

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Notes:
Lustrum:Lustrum, or expiation. The last act of the censors during their period of office was to offer an expiatory sacrifice for the whole people. On the appointed day the citizens assembled in military formation in the Campus Martius. The victims, a boar, a ram, and a bull -- hence the name of the sacrifice, suovetaurilia" -- were carried thrice round the assembled host, who were then declared "purified," and whilst the animals were being offered on the altar, the censor to whom the lot had fallen of conducting the ceremony recited a traditional form of prayer for the strengthening and extension of the might of the Roman people. As the censor's office was originally fixed for five years, "lustrum" was used to denote that period of time.