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Quote of the day: There was a story that Vespasian was ins
Notes
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History of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita) by Livy
Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book V Chapter 45: Invasion of the Gauls. Reverses of the Gauls and Etruscans.[390 BC]
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Friends and foes were alike persuaded that nowhere else was there at that time so great a master of war. After the council broke up they refreshed themselves and waited eagerly for the signal to be given. When it was given in the silence of the night they were at the gates ready for Camillus. After marching no great distance from the city they came upon the camp of the Gauls, unprotected, as he had said, and carelessly open on every side. They raised a tremendous shout and rushed in; there was no battle, it was everywhere sheer massacre; the Gauls, defenceless and dissolved in sleep, were butchered as they lay. Those in the furthest part of the camp, however, startled from their lairs, and not knowing whence or what the attack was, fled in terror, and some actually rushed, unawares, amongst their assailants. A considerable number were carried into the neighbourhood of Antium, where they were surrounded by the townsmen.

A similar slaughter of Etruscans took place in the district of Veii. So far were these people from feeling sympathy with a City which for almost four centuries had been their neighbour, and was now crushed by an enemy never seen or heard of before, that they chose that time for making forays into Roman territory, and after loading themselves with plunder, intended to attack Veii, the bulwark and only surviving hope of the Roman name. The Roman soldiers at Veii had seen them dispersed through the fields, and afterwards, with their forces collected, driving their booty in front of them. Their first feelings were those of despair, then indignation and rage took possession of them. "Are even the Etruscans," they exclaimed, "from whom we have diverted the arms of Gauls on to ourselves, to find amusement in our disasters?" With difficulty they restrained themselves from attacking them. Caedicius, a centurion whom they had placed in command, induced them to defer operations till nightfall. The only thing lacking was a commander like Camillus, in all other respects the ordering of the attack and the success achieved were the same as if he had been present. Not content with this, they made some prisoners who had survived the night's massacre act as guides, and, led by them, surprised another body of Tuscans at the salt works and inflicted a still greater loss upon them. Exultant at this double victory they returned to Veii.

Events: Camillus at Ardea, Events at Veii

Aequis iniquisque persuasum erat tantum bello uirum neminem usquam ea tempestate esse. Contione dimissa, corpora curant, intenti quam mox signum daretur. Quo dato, primae silentio noctis ad portas Camillo praesto fuere. Egressi haud procul urbe, sicut praedictum erat, castra Gallorum intuta neglectaque ab omni parte nacti cum ingenti clamore inuadunt. Nusquam proelium, omnibus locis caedes est; nuda corpora et soluta somno trucidantur. Extremos tamen pauor cubilibus suis excitos, quae aut unde uis esset ignaros, in fugam et quosdam in hostem ipsum improuidos tulit. Magna pars in agrum Antiatem delati incursione ab oppidanis in palatos facta circumueniuntur. Similis in agro Veienti Tuscorum facta strages est, qui urbis iam prope quadringentensimum annum uicinae, oppressae ab hoste inuisitato, inaudito, adeo nihil miseriti sunt ut in agrum Romanum eo tempore incursiones facerent, plenique praedae Veios etiam praesidiumque, spem ultimam Romani nominis, in animo habuerint oppugnare. Viderant eos milites Romani uagantes per agros et congregato agmine praedam prae se agentes, et castra cernebant haud procul Veiis posita. Inde primum miseratio sui, deinde indignitas atque ex ea ira animos cepit: Etruscisne etiam, a quibus bellum Gallicum in se auertissent, ludibrio esse clades suas? Vix temperauere animis quin extemplo impetum facerent; compressi a Q. Caedicio centurione quem sibimet ipsi praefecerant, rem in noctem sustinuere. Tantum par Camillo defuit auctor: cetera eodem ordine eodemque fortunae euentu gesta. Quin etiam ducibus captiuis qui caedi nocturnae superfuerant, ad aliam manum Tuscorum ad Salinas profecti, nocte insequenti ex improuiso maiorem caedem edidere, duplicique uictoria ouantes Veios redeunt.