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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book VII Chapter 28: War with Volscians and Auruncans.[345-4 BC]
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Marcus Fabius Dorsuo and Servius Sulpicius Camerinus were the next consuls. A sudden raid by the Auruncans led to a war with that people. Fears were entertained that more than one city was concerned in this, that in fact it had been planned by the entire Latin League. To meet all Latium in arms Lucius Furius Camillus was nominated dictator; he appointed Gnaeus Manlius Capitolinus Master of the Horse. As usual in great and sudden alarms a suspension of all business was proclaimed and the enlistment was made without any claims to exemption being allowed; when it was completed the legions were marched as rapidly as possible against the Auruncans. They showed the temper of marauders rather than of soldiers, and the war was finished in the very first battle. But as they had begun the war without any provocation and had shown no reluctance to accept battle, the dictator thought it his duty to secure the help of the gods, and during the actual fighting he vowed a temple to Juno Moneta. On his victorious return to Rome, he resigned his dictatorship to discharge his vow. The senate ordered two commissioners to be appointed to carry out the construction of that temple in a style commensurate with the greatness of the Roman people, and a site was marked out in the Citadel where the house of Marcus Manlius Capitolinus had stood. |
The temple of Moneta was dedicated in the following year, when Gaius Marcius Rutilus was consul for the third time and Titus Manlius Torquatus for the second. A portent followed close on the dedication similar to the old portent on the Alban Mount; a shower of stones fell and night seemed to stretch its curtain over the day. The citizens were filled with dread at this supernatural occurrence, and after the Sibylline Books had been consulted the senate decided upon the appointment of a dictator to arrange the ceremonial observances for the appointed days. Publius Valerius Publicola was nominated and Quintus Fabius Ambustus was appointed Master of the Horse. It was arranged that not only the Roman tribes but also the neighbouring populations should take part in the public intercessions, and the order of the days which each was to observe was definitely laid down.
There were prosecutions this year of money-lenders by the aediles, and heavy sentences are stated to have been passed on them by the people. For some reason, which is not recorded, matters reverted to an interregnum. As, however, it ended in the election of two patrician consuls, this would appear to be the reason why it was resorted to. The new consuls were Marcus Valerius Corvus (for the third time) and Aulus Cornelius Cossus.
|Hos consules secuti sunt M. Fabius Dorsuo Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus. Auruncum inde bellum ab repentina populatione coeptum; metuque ne id factum populi unius consilium omnis nominis Latini esset, dictator—uelut aduersus armatum iam Latium—L. Furius creatus magistrum equitum Cn. Manlium Capitolinum dixit; et cum—quod per magnos tumultus fieri solitum erat—iustitio indicto dilectus sine uacationibus habitus esset, legiones quantum maturari potuit in Auruncos ductae. Ibi praedonum magis quam hostium animi inuenti; prima itaque acie debellatum est. Dictator tamen, quia et ultro bellum intulerant et sine detractatione se certamini offerebant, deorum quoque opes adhibendas ratus inter ipsam dimicationem aedem Iunoni Monetae uouit; cuius damnatus uoti cum uictor Romam reuertisset, dictatura se abdicauit. Senatus duumuiros ad eam aedem pro amplitudine populi Romani faciendam creari iussit; locus in arce destinatus, quae area aedium M. Manli Capitolini fuerat. Consules dictatoris exercitu ad bellum Volscum usi Soram ex hostibus, incautos adorti, ceperunt. Anno postquam uota erat aedes Monetae dedicatur C. Marcio Rutulo tertium T. Manlio Torquato iterum consulibus. Prodigium extemplo dedicationem secutum, simile uetusto montis Albani prodigio; namque et lapidibus pluit et nox interdiu uisa intendi; librisque inspectis cum plena religione ciuitas esset, senatui placuit dictatorem feriarum constituendarum causa dici. Dictus P. Valerius Publicola; magister equitum ei Q. Fabius Ambustus datus est. Non tribus tantum supplicatum ire placuit sed finitimos etiam populos, ordoque iis, quo quisque die supplicarent, statutus. Iudicia eo anno populi tristia in feneratores facta, quibus ab aedilibus dicta dies esset, traduntur; et res haud ulla insigni ad memoriam causa ad interregnum redit. Ex interregno, ut id actum uideri posset, ambo patricii consules creati sunt, M. Valerius Coruus tertium A. Cornelius Cossus.|