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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book VII Chapter 9: War with the Gauls.[361 BC]
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The consuls for the following year were Gaius Sulpicius and Gaius Licinius Calvus. They resumed operations against the Hernici, and invaded their territory, but did not find the enemy in the open. They attacked and captured Ferentinum, a Hernican city; but as they were returning home the Tiburtines closed their gates against them. There had previously been numerous complaints made on both sides, but this last provocation finally decided the Romans, in case the Fetials failed to get redress, to declare war against the Tiburtines. It is generally understood that Titus Quinctius Pennus was the dictator and Servius Cornelius Maluginensis the Master of the horse. According to Licinius Macer, the dictator was nominated by the consul Licinius. His colleague, Sulpicius, was anxious to get the elections over before he departed for the war, in the hope of being himself re-elected, if he were on the spot, and Licinius determined to thwart his colleague's self-seeking ambition. Licinius Macer's desire to appropriate the credit of this to his house (the Licinii) lessens the weight of his authority. As I find no mention of this in the older annalists, I am more inclined to believe that it was the prospect of a Gaulish war which was the immediate cause why a dictator was nominated. At all events it was in this year that the Gauls formed their camp by the Salarian Road, three miles from the City at the bridge across the Anio |
Titus Manlius' Exploit.
In face of this sudden and alarming inroad the dictator proclaimed a suspension of all business, and made every man who was liable to serve take the military oath. He marched out of the City with an immense army and fixed his camp on this side the Anio. Each side had left the bridge between them intact, as its destruction might have been thought due to fears of an attack. There were frequent skirmishes for the possession of the bridge; as these were indecisive, the question was left unsettled. A Gaul of extraordinary stature strode forward on to the unoccupied bridge, and shouting as loudly as he could, cried: "Let the bravest man that Rome possesses come out and fight me, that we two may decide which people is the superior in war."
|Insequenti anno cum C. Sulpicius et C. Licinius Caluus consules in Hernicos exercitum duxissent neque inuentis in agro hostibus Ferentinum urbem eorum ui cepissent, reuertentibus inde eis Tiburtes portas clausere. Ea ultima fuit causa, cum multae ante querimoniae ultro citroque iactatae essent, cur per fetiales rebus repetitis bellum Tiburti populo indiceretur. Dictatorem T. Quinctium Poenum eo anno fuisse satis constat et magistrum equitum Ser. Cornelium Maluginensem. Macer Licinius comitiorum habendorum causa et ab Licinio consule dictum scribit, quia collega comitia bello praeferre festinante ut continuaret consulatum, obuiam eundum prauae cupiditati fuerit. Quaesita ea propriae familiae laus leuiorem auctorem Licinium facit: cum mentionem eius rei in uetustioribus annalibus nullam inueniam, magis ut belli Gallici causa dictatorem creatum arbitrer inclinat animus. Eo certe anno Galli ad tertium lapidem Salaria uia trans pontem Anienis castra habuere. Dictator cum tumultus Gallici causa iustitium edixisset, omnes iuniores sacramento adegit ingentique exercitu ab urbe profectus in citeriore ripa Anienis castra posuit. Pons in medio erat, neutris rumpentibus ne timoris indicium esset. Proelia de occupando ponte crebra erant, nec qui potirentur incertis uiribus satis discerni poterat. Tum eximia corporis magnitudine in uacuum pontem Gallus processit et quantum maxima uoce potuit "quem nunc" inquit "Roma uirum fortissimum habet, procedat agedum ad pugnam, ut noster duorum euentus ostendat utra gens bello sit melior."|