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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book V Chapter 32: War with Volsinians and Salpinates. Banishment of Camillus.[391 BC]
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These were Lucius Lucretius, Servius Sulpicius, Marcus Aemilius, Lucius Furius Medullinus -- for the seventh time -- Agrippa Furius, and Gaius Aemilius -- for the second time. They entered upon office on the 1st of July. Lucius Lucretius and Gaius Aemilius were charged with the campaign against the Volsinians; Agrippa Furius and Servius Sulpicius with the one against the Salpinates. The first action took place with the Volsinians; an immense number of the enemy were engaged, but the fighting was by no means severe. Their line was scattered at the first shock; 8000 who were surrounded by the cavalry laid down their arms and surrendered. On hearing of this battle the Salpinates would not trust themselves to a regular engagement in the field, but sought the protection of their walls. The Romans carried off plunder in all directions from both the Salpinate and Volsinian territories without meeting any resistance. At last the Volsinians, tired of the war, obtained a truce for twenty years on condition that they paid an indemnity for their previous raid and supplied the year's pay for the army. |
Banishment of Camillus.
It was in this year that Marcus Caedicius, a member of the plebs, reported to the tribunes that whilst he was in the Via Nova where the chapel now stands, above the temple of Vesta, he heard in the silence of the night a voice more powerful than any human voice bidding the magistrates be told that the Gauls were approaching. No notice was taken of this, partly owing to the humble rank of the informant, and partly because the Gauls were a distant and therefore an unknown nation.
It was not the monitions of the gods only that were set at nought in face of the coming doom. The one human aid which they had against it, Marcus Furius Camillus, was removed from the City. He was impeached by the plebeian tribune Lucius Apuleius for his action with reference to the spoils of Veii, and at the time had just been bereaved of his son. He invited the members of his tribe and his clients, who formed a considerable part of the plebs, to his house and sounded their feelings towards him. They told him that they would pay whatever fine was imposed, but it was impossible for them to acquit him. Thereupon he went into exile, after offering up a prayer to the immortal gods that if he were suffering wrongfully as an innocent man, they would make his ungrateful citizens very soon feel the need of him. He was condemned in his absence to pay a fine of 15,000 ases.
|Kalendis Quintilibus magistratum occepere L. Lucretius Ser. Sulpicius M. Aemilius L. Furius Medullinus septimum Agrippa Furius C. Aemilius iterum. ex his L. Lucretio et C. Aemilio Volsinienses prouincia euenit, Sappinates Agrippae Furio et Ser. Sulpicio. Prius cum Volsiniensibus pugnatum est. Bellum numero hostium ingens, certamine haud sane asperum fuit. Fusa concursu primo acies; in fuga milia octo armatorum ab equitibus interclusa positis armis in deditionem uenerunt. Eius belli fama effecit ne se pugnae committerent Sappinates; moenibus armati se tutabantur. Romani praedas passim et ex Sappinati agro et ex Volsiniensi, nullo eam uim arcente, egerunt; donec Volsiniensibus fessis bello, ea condicione ut res populo Romano redderent stipendiumque eius anni exercitui praestarent, in uiginti annos indutiae datae. Eodem anno M. Caedicius de plebe nuntiauit tribunis se in Noua uia, ubi nunc sacellum est supra aedem Vestae, uocem noctis silentio audisse clariorem humana, quae magistratibus dici iuberet Gallos aduentare. Id ut fit propter auctoris humilitatem spretum et quod longinqua eoque ignotior gens erat. Neque deorum modo monita ingruente fato spreta, sed humanam quoque opem, quae una erat, M. Furium ab urbe amouere. Qui die dicta ab L. Apuleio tribuno plebis propter praedam Veientanam, filio quoque adulescente per idem tempus orbatus, cum accitis domum tribulibus clientibusque quae magna pars plebis erat, percontatus animos eorum responsum tulisset se conlaturos quanti damnatus esset, absoluere eum non posse, in exsilium abiit, precatus ab dis immortalibus si innoxio sibi ea iniuria fieret, primo quoque tempore desiderium sui ciuitati ingratae facerent. Absens quindecim milibus grauis aeris damnatur.|